ASTM D6618 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Engine Oils in Diesel Four-Stroke Cycle Supercharged 1M-PC Single Cylinder Oil Test Engine
8.1 The operating of engine tests can expose personnel and facilities to a number of safety hazards. It is recommended that only personnel who are thoroughly trained and experienced in engine testing should undertake the design, installation and operation of engine test stands. Each laboratory conducting engine tests should have its test installation inspected and approved by its safety department. Provide personnel working on the engines with the proper tools, be alert to common sense safety practices, and avoid contact with moving or hot engine parts. Guards should be installed around all external moving or hot parts. When engines are operating at high speeds, heavy duty guards are required and personnel should be cautioned against working alongside the engine and coupling shaft. Provide barrier protection for personnel. All fuel, oil lines, and electrical wiring should be properly routed, guarded, and kept in good order. Scraped knuckles, minor burns, and cuts are common if proper safety precautions are not taken. Safety masks or glasses should always be worn by personnel working on the engines, and no loose or flowing clothing should be worn near running engines.
8.2 Keep the external parts on the engine and the floor area around the engines clean and free of oil and fuel spills. In addition, keep working areas free of all tripping hazards. In case of injury, no matter how slight, first aid attention should be applied at once and the incident reported. Personnel should be alert for leaking fuel or exhaust gas. Leaking fuel represents a fire hazard, and exhaust gas fumes are noxious. Containers of oil or fuel cannot be permitted to accumulate in the testing area.
8.3 Equip the test installation with a fuel shut-off valve designed to automatically cut off the fuel supply to the engine when the engine is not running. A remote station for cutting off fuel from the test stand is recommended. Provide suitable interlocks so that engine is automatically shut down when any of the following events occur: engine or dynamometer loses field current, engine overspeeds, exhaust system fails, room ventilation fails, or the fire protection system is activated. Consider an excessive vibration pickup interlock if equipment is operated unattended. Provide fixed fire protection equipment, and make dry chemical fire extinguishers available at the test stands. (Warning - Many ASTM tests use chemicals to flush engines between tests. Some of these chemicals require that personnel wear face masks, dust breathers, and gloves because exothermic reactions are possible. Provide emergency showers and face rinse facilities when handling materials.)