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  • AROMATICS IN GASOLINES BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY GC-MS: ASTM D5769 AROMATICS IN GASOLINES BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY GC-MS: ASTM D5769EXPLANATIONTest methods to determine benzene and the aromatics in gasoline are necessary to assess the product quality and to meet fuel regulations. This test method can be used for gasolines that contain oxygenates such ...
  • AROMATICS IN FINISHED GASOLINE BY GC-FTIR: ASTM D5986 AROMATICS IN FINISHED GASOLINE BY GC-FTIR: ASTM D5986EXPLANATIONTo assess product quality and meet new fuel regulations, it is necessary to have methods to determine oxygenates, benzene, and aromatic content of gasoline. This method can be used for gasolines that contain oxygenates such as alcohols and ...
  • AROMATICS IN FINISHED GASOLINE BY GC: ASTM D5580 AROMATICS IN FINISHED GASOLINE BY GC: ASTM D5580EXPLANATIONTo reduce the ozone reactivity in toxicity of automotive evaporative and exhaust emissions regulations limiting the concentration of benzene and the total aromatic content of finished gasoline have been established. This test method can be used ...
  • AROMATICS IN FINISHED GASOLINE BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY: ASTM D4420 AROMATICS IN FINISHED GASOLINE BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY: ASTM D4420EXPLANATIONA knowledge of the amount of aromatics in gasoline is helpful in assessing the product quality and in evaluating the health hazard to persons handling and using gasoline. This test method determines benzene, toluene, C8, C9, and ...
  • AROMATICS AND POLYNUCLEAR AROMATICS IN DIESEL AND AVIATION TURBINE FUELS BY SFC: AROMATICS AND POLYNUCLEAR AROMATICS IN DIESEL AND AVIATION TURBINE FUELS BY SFC: ASTM D5186EXPLANATIONThe aromatic hydrocarbon content of motor diesel fuels affects their cetane number and exhaust emissions. The aromatic hydrocarbon and the napthalene content of aviation turbine fuels affects their combustion ...
  • APPLIED COATING WAX IN CORRUGATED BOARD FACING: ASTM D3522 APPLIED COATING WAX IN CORRUGATED BOARD FACING: ASTM D3522EXPLANATIONWax treatment is used to improve resistance to moisture damage of corrugated fiberboard shipping containers. This commonly involves a light wax saturation applied to the medium and facings, followed by a curtain coating or roll coating ...
  • APPARENT VISCOSITY YIELD STRESS AND APPARENT VISCOSITY AT LOW TEMPERATURE: ASTM APPARENT VISCOSITY YIELD STRESS AND APPARENT VISCOSITY AT LOW TEMPERATURE: ASTM D4684EXPLANATIONWhen an engine oil is cooled, the rate and duration of cooling can affect its yield stress and viscosity. In this laboratory test an engine oil is slowly cooled through a temperature range where wax crystallization ...
  • APPARENT VISCOSITY OF LUBRICATING GREASES: ASTM D1092 APPARENT VISCOSITY OF LUBRICATING GREASES: ASTM D1092EXPLANATIONApparent viscosity versus shear rate information is useful in predicting pressure drops in grease distribution systems under steady-state flow conditions at constant temperature. This test covers measurements in the temperature range from ...
  • APPARENT VISCOSITY AT HIGH TEMPERATURE HIGH SHEAR BY MULTICELL CAPILLARY VISCOME APPARENT VISCOSITY AT HIGH TEMPERATURE HIGH SHEAR BY MULTICELL CAPILLARY VISCOMETER: ASTM D5481TEST SUMMARYThis test method covers the laboratory determination of high-temperature high-shear (HTHS) viscosity of engine oils at a temperature of 150° C using a multicell capillary viscometer containing ...
  • APPARENT VISCOSITY USING COLD CRANKING SIMULATOR: ASTM D5293 APPARENT VISCOSITY USING COLD CRANKING SIMULATOR: ASTM D5293EXPLANATIONThe cold cranking simulator (CCS) apparent viscosity of automotive engine oils correlates with low temperature engine cranking. CCS apparent viscosity is not suitable for predicting low temperature flow to the engine oil pump and ...